27 February, 2010

မွားေလ့ရွိတဲ့ အဂၤလိပ္စကားလံုးအခ်ိဳ႕

Accept vs Except

Accept is a verb, which means to agree to take something .
(လက္ခံသည္။ ယူသည္။ အသိအမွတ္ ျပဳသည္။)
For example: "I always accept good advice."

Except is a preposition or conjunction, which means not including.
(မွတစ္ပါး)
For example: "I teach every day except Sunday."


Advice vs Advise

Advice is a noun, which means an opinion that someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation. (တစံုတေယာက္မွေပးေသာ အၾကံဥာဏ္)
For example: "I need someone to give me some advice."

Advise is a verb, which means to give information and suggest types of action. (အၾကံေပးသည္)
For example: "I advise everybody to be nice to their teacher."


Affect vs Effect

Affect နဲ႕ effect စကားလံုး ၂လံုးဟာ မ်ားေသာအားျဖင့္ လြဲမွားတတ္ပါတယ္
Affect is usually a verb (action), which means to influence, act upon, or change something or someone. (တစံုတခုေၾကာင့္ အက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈရွိသည္)
For example: The noise outside affected my performance.

Effect is usually a noun (thing), which means to have an effect on something or someone
(တစ္စံုတစ္ခုအေပၚ အက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈ ျဖစ္ေစသည္)

!Note: effect is followed by the preposition on and preceded by an article (an, the)
For example: His smile had a strange effect on me.

Effect can also mean "the end result".
For example: The drug has many adverse side effects.


beside vs besides

beside is a preposition of place that means at the side of or next to.
(နံေဘးတြင္)
For example: The house was beside the Thames.

besides is an adverb or preposition. It means in addition to or also.
(ထို႕ျပင္၊ လည္းပဲ)
For example: Besides water, we carried some fruit. = "In addition to water, we carried some fruit."

by vs until

Both until and by indicate “any time before, but not later than.”

Until tells us how long a situation continues. If something happens until a particular time, you stop doing it at that time.
(သတ္မွတ္ထားတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ လုပ္ေဆာင္၍ျပီးဆံုးျခင္း)
For example:
They lived in a small house until September 2003.
(They stopped living there in September.)

I will be away until Wednesday.
(I will be back on Wednesday.)

We also use until in negative sentences. (အျငင္း၀ါက်ေတြမွာလည္း until ကိုသံုးသည္။)
For example:
Details will not be available until January.
(January is the earliest you can expect to receive the details.)

If something happens by a particular time, it happens at or before that time. It is often used to indicate a deadline. (သတ္မွတ္ခ်ိန္မတုိင္မီထိ လုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္း)
For example:
You have to finish by August 31.
(August 31 is the last day you can finish; you may finish before this date.)

We also use by when asking questions. (အေမး၀ါက်မ်ားတြင္လည္း by ကိုသံုးသည္)
For example:
Will the details be available by December?
(This asks if they will be ready no later than December.)


personal vs personnel

Personal is an adjective.(ကိုယ္ေရးကိုယ္တာ၊ ကိုယ္ပိုင္၊ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ေရး)
It can mean relating to or belonging to someone.
For example: Your personal belongings are the things that belong to you.

It can relate to the private parts of someone's life, including their relationships and feelings.
For example: If you have personal problems, it means you have problems that are private and sensitive to you. Perhaps problems in a relationship.

It can also mean something that is designed for or used by one person.
For example: a personal computer or stereo.

And it can relate to your body
For example: when talk about personal hygiene.

Personnel is a noun. (အမႈထမ္း၊ ၀န္ထမ္းေရးရာဌာန)
The people who work for an organisation are the personnel.
For example: military personnel are the members of an army.

The department of an organisation that deals with finding people to work there, keeping records about them, etc is the Personnel Department. The head of that department is the personnel manager.
For example: "I need to speak to someone in Personnel."

Many businesses have renamed their Personnel Department to 'The Human Resources Department' or HRD for short.


fewer vs less

Everyone gets this wrong - including native speakers. The general rule is to use fewer for things you can count (individually), and less for things you can only measure
(ေရတြက္လုိ႕ရတဲ့အရာေတြဆို fewer ကုိသံုးျပီး less ကိုေတာ့ ေရတြက္လုိ႕ေတာ့ မရေပမယ့္ တုိင္းတာလုိ႕ရတဲ့ ေနရာေတြမွာ သံုးပါတယ္)
For example:
There were fewer days below freezing last winter. (Days can be counted.)

I drink less coffee than she does. (Coffee cannot be counted individually it has to be measured).

!Note - "Less" has to do with how much. "Fewer" has to do with how many.

Learn More >> http://www.learnenglish.de/mistakes/CommonMistakes.htm#accept

အားလံုးကို ခင္မင္ေလးစားလ်က္
၀ိုင္း

3 comments:

ရဲရင့္နီ said...
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ရဲရင့္နီ said...
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ရဲရင့္နီ said...

ေက်းဇူးအထူးပါ ညီမေလးေရ...
ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲ အခန္းေတြကိုေစာင့္ေမွ်ာ္ေနပါတယ္

 

Posted by . - ၂၀၀၉ ခုႏွစ္ ေမလ ၁၄ရက္ေန႕တြင္ စတင္ေရးသားသည္